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Type 1 Diabetes

Barnes-Jewish West County Hospital provides diagnosis and treatment programs for type 1 diabetes.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes used to be known as juvenile diabetes or early onset diabetes because people are typically diagnosed before the age of twenty. People with type 1 diabetes are usually thin and they have the disease because their pancreas does not produce insulin, so they must take insulin. The cause for diabetes is unknown.

Types of Type 1 Diabetes:

Idiopathic type 1 diabetes - very rare and has no known cause
Immune-mediated diabetes - common and is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

The following are the most common symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes.

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Extreme weakness
  • Mood changes/irritability


The following are the most common complications with type 1 diabetes.

  • Kidney failure
  • Blindness
  • High blood sugar
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Foot ulcers
  • Amputations

Treatment Options

Treatment for type 1 diabetes requires insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep their blood sugar (glucose) level within normal ranges. Other components of treatment may include the following:

  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Self-monitoring of blood sugar several times a day
  • Self-monitoring of ketone levels several times a day
  • Regular monitoring of A1c levels

Referral to the Diabetes and Nutrition Counseling services:

In order to provide the best care possible, referral to any of the diabetes and nutrition counseling services is coordinated through your physician. 



Diabetes and nutrition counseling services is located on the campus of Barnes-Jewish West County Hospital in Medical Office Building 1.

1040 N. Mason Road
Medical Office Building 1, Suite 103
Creve Coeur, MO 63141
314.996.3823 office
314.996.3270 fax


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Find a doctor or make an appointment: 314.542.WEST (9378) OR TOLL-FREE 1.844.542.9378
General Information: (314) 996.8000
12634 Olive Boulevard
Creve Coeur, Missouri 63141
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