Cancer Treatment Team

Your cancer treatment may involve several types of health care professionals who, with you, form the cancer care team. This multidisciplinary cancer team may include:

  • Surgeon. Once you have been diagnosed, you may see a surgeon, a doctor who specializes in performing operations to treat diseases.

  • Oncologist. Oncologists are doctors who specialize in cancer. Some may be known as medical oncologists, who treat cancer with medicines such as chemotherapy, some are surgical oncologists, who remove tumors and perform biopsies, and others are called radiation oncologists, who treat cancer with radiation therapy. Your oncologist will work with you to create a treatment plan. He or she usually acts as the coordinator of your cancer care.

  • Oncology nurses. Oncology nurses have special training in cancer and caring for patients during treatment. They will help carry out the treatment plan your oncologist creates and will help guide patients though treatment with activities, such as giving cancer medications, checking your progress, and answering your questions about treatment. If you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, oncology nurses will monitor and help you manage side effects.

  • Social workers. Social workers may provide counsel to you and your family, help you understand your diagnosis and treatment, and assist you and your family in finding support groups or other cancer-related services.

  • Psychiatrists and psychologists. Psychiatrists and psychologists are specialists that can help if you have problems with depression or mental health. Cancer can be difficult for anyone to cope with, so make sure to seek help if necessary. Psychiatrists can prescribe medications such as antidepressants. Both specialists can help patients and families with counseling and other depression treatment methods.

  • Rehabilitation specialists. People with cancer sometimes need help recovering after treatment. Physical therapists, speech therapists, respiratory therapists, occupational therapists, and others can be helpful to many patients, depending on the type of cancer and treatment.

  • Dietitians. Cancer and cancer treatment can make eating difficult. Some people lose weight, gain weight, or have trouble eating foods that provide the right energy. Registered dietitians help people maintain healthy eating habits during and after cancer treatment.

  • Home health aides. Home health aides specialize in helping patients and family members manage tasks at home during treatment, and may help with everyday chores, such as cooking food or cleaning.

Other important specialists that may be involved in the treatment process include the following:

  • Hematologists. Doctors who specialize in blood disorders.

  • Radiologists. Doctors who specialize in diagnosing diseases by interpreting (reading) X-rays and other types of imaging tests.

  • Pathologists. Doctors who specialize in diagnosis and classification of diseases by laboratory tests.

  • Lab technicians, radiation technicians, and pharmacists


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